Bukwo District was carved out of Kapchorwa District in July 2005. It is bordered by Amudat District to the north, Kenya to the east and south, and Kween District to the west and northwest. The District has a total area of about 528 km2 and a third of the land area is under Mt. Elgon National Park, another third is under Agriculture and settlement, while the other part has been left vacant due to the effect of the cattle rustling.
The District has 11 Sub-counties and 1 town Council. These include; Bukwo, Chepkwasta, Chesower, Kabei, Kaptererwo, Kortek, Riwo, Senendet, Suam, Kamet and Tulel sub-counties and Bukwo Town Council.
Bukwo District had a total population of 89,356 people.
People here mostly speak the Sebei language.
Majority of households in Bukwo District are involved in market oriented agriculture where cultivation of food crops such as maize, beans, cassava, Irish potatoes, bananas, wheat and barley is dominant. Livestock farming is also practiced and the animals reared include cattle, goats, pigs, sheep and chicken. There is also gold mining at small scale in the Riwo hills in northern part of the district.
People visiting Bukwo can look out for tropical forests well stocked in the sub-counties of Suam, Chepkwasta and Chesower. Broad leaved tree plantations especially in the areas of Chesower sub-county in the western part of the District. Bukwo District is characterized by a number of numerous rivers which include; Alalam, Kiriki and Siti in the northern part of the District. Other rives are; Riwa, Chamangen, Nyalut, Amanyang, and Saum among others.
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