Nakasongola district is found in the central region of Uganda bordered by Apac District to the north-west, Amolatar District to the north-east, Kayunga District to the east, Luweero District to the south, Nakaseke District to the south-west, and Masindi District to the north-west. It was created in 1997. Prior to that it was part of Luweero District. It is dominated by indigenous Bantu known as Buruuli. They speak Ruruuli whose dialect is similar to that of Runyoro, Runyara, Lugwere and Lukenyi. Baruuli live harmoniously with other tribes including Hima, Nyarwanda, Karamajong, Ganda, Luo, Banyoro and the Bakenyi.
As of 2014, the total population stands at 181,799 people and is 115km via Gulu – Kampala Highway from Kampala.
The major economic activity in this district is livestock farming where, the District has one of the highest cattle densities in Uganda with over 150 cattle per square kilometre and 30– 50 cattle per household. As of 2017, the estimated cattle population is in excess of 222,000 heads of cattle, with 90% of the indigenous long-horned Ankole breed. Fencing of farms is practised by a segment of wealthy households, while a majority raise their cattle on a communal grazing system, with shared water reservoirs across the District.
Sights to see while there are; Lake Kyoga, River Kafu, Kyalubanga Forest Reserve, Lubenge Wetland, the Orchids House Farm Limited,a private company is an agriculture resource centre and a demonstration farm, which sits on 700 acres fully commercial demo farm operated on sound business principles and runs programs which create positive impact in the lives of farmers and agribusinesses while generating adequate revenues to be commercially viable and sustainable.