Pakwach District in the Northern region of Uganda was carved from Nebbi District in 2017, and named after the town in which the district headquarters are now located. Prior to that, since 1980, Pakwach was known as Jonam County which is also the entry point into West Nile region by road. In the past, there was also a railway system which has been malfunctioned for decades now. Plans to revamp it however, are underway.
Pakwach district is bordered by Nebbi in the West, Nwoya and Amuru districts in the East, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in South-West, Arua in the North West and Bullisa district to the South. In 2014, the district had a total population of 158,037, with a projected population of 181,400 in 2018.
The district is inhabited by Nilotes as per the ethnic history. The ones in Pakwach are made up of the Alur and Jonam tribes, bith recognized by the constitution of the Republic of Uganda. The main languages spoken are also Alur and Jonam.
Pakwach district is predominantly an agricultural district with (85%) of the population relying on agriculture for their livelihood.
Majority of the people here produce agricultural products for subsistence, and only sell very little to acquire some basic necessities of life like paraffin, salt, soap, clothing, and so on. There is also a fishing infrastructure with up to 70 fish landing sites.
Historical sites in Pakwach include Wang-lei site where the great Alur ancestors Nyipir and Nyabongo (also known as Gipir and Labongo) are believed separated. Others are the Amuru Pii hot spring in Panyimur sub-county and the November 2013 total solar eclipse site in Wadelai sub county.
Visitors can also see the River Nile and Lake Albert. There is a modern fish market at Panyimur that had 1,934 fishing boats by December 2017. More Pakwach district statistics